James A Garfield
James A. Garfield
Twentieth President 1881
Interesting Fact: James Garfield was the second president shot in office. Doctors tried to find the bullet with a metal detector invented by Alexander Graham Bell. But the device failed because Garfield was placed on a bed with metal springs, and no one thought to move him. He died on September 19, 1881.
Fast Fact: James A. Garfield died from an assassins bullet only six months after he took office.
Biography: As the last of the log cabin Presidents, James A. Garfield attacked political corruption and won back for the Presidency a measure of prestige it had lost during the Reconstruction period.
He was born in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, in 1831. Fatherless at two, he later drove canal boat teams, somehow earning enough money for an education. He was graduated from Williams College in Massachusetts in 1856, and he returned to the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (later Hiram College) in Ohio as a classics professor. Within a year he was made its president.
Garfield was elected to the Ohio Senate in 1859 as a Republican. During the secession crisis, he advocated coercing the seceding states back into the Union.
In 1862, when Union military victories had
garfield, president, senate, republican, new, house, conkling, 1881, york, two, tried, september, robertson, ohio, later, james, garfields, find, elected, died, conklings, bullet, became, years, won, washington, union, under, took, states, shot, senator, republicans, office, nominee, nominations