Duchamp, Fountain The Anti-art Nature Of Dada

Duchamp, Fountain: The Anti-art Nature Of Dada

Dada was a movement in art, literature, music, performance and film that was invoked by the advent of World War I. Switzerland, a neutral country, became the refuge of many who objected to the war. In Zurich, 1916, Dada emerged distinctly as an active refusal of and attempt to subvert the prevailing values of the bourgeois society that supported and protected itself with the war. Dada sought to refuse these values in every guise they took, to disrupt them with its violence and rhetoric, to destroy and heal simultaneously. Language was targeted through poetry, periodicals and manifestos, because it was being used to present the unjust as just, illogic as logic. Logic itself was denounced in the contradictory statements and actions of Dadaists, because logic turned young men to cannon fodder. So chance, the logic of nature, was granted equal importance to the cerebral process and played an important role in many manifestations of Dada. Considered a culture?s finest and most distilled product, art was to Dada the greatest illustration and support of the social sickness. Art became the bull?s eye over the bourgeois heart and anti-art, a term said to be coined by Marcel Duchamp in 1914, was the

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