American Revolution Period
1. Assess the extent to which religious freedom and democracy were ideological and actual foundations of colonial America.
I. In colonial America, many people expected to gain individual rights, however many people did not receive equal rights.
II. Religious freedom was a big part in the colonial society, however it wasn?t granted to everyone.
a. In most colonies the only people who were allowed to practice their religion freely were the protestants.
b. Quakers, who loved peace and prosperity, were treated as radicals and discriminated against.
c. People like Anne Hutchinson were banished from there respective colonies for attempting to reinterpret the sermons of preachers.
2. Explain the significance of the French and Indian war by noting it?s causes; American and British perspectives; and the series of British and American reactions afterwards.
I. The French and Indian war was significant to the British because it showed for the first time that the colonies known as America were not totally loyal to the royal crown of Britain.
II. In the first days of the American colonies, they relied heavily on Britain to help them economically.
a. Americans broke trade regulations and the colonists resisted to pay their share of costs for the war.
b. However, Americans were becoming less dependent on Great Britain for financial aid.
c. In the eyes of Britain, ?America was formed for happiness, but not for an empire? pg 110
3. For the period before 1750, analyze the ways in which Britain?s policy of salutary neglect influenced the development of American society as illustrated in the following:
Legislative assemblies; commerce; religion
I. When the colonies were left alone by Great Britain, it enabled them to set up their own legislative assemblies, their own trade and economic systems, and they were allowed to practice religion freely.
II. In the years before 1750, a policy by Britain that later became known as salutary neglect enabled the colonies to mature and develop on their own.
a. When the British did not regulate the colonial governments, they each set up different legislative assemblies where many people were allowed to express their opinions freely.
b. When Britain was relatively lax while dealing with the colonies, the colonies began to break away from the English monetary system.
c. In the colonies, settlers did receive some religious freedoms that they did not enjoy back in England.
4. Use at least 4 of the following to analyze the extent to which democracy and opportunity existed in the colonies:
Bacon?s Rebellion; The trial of John Peter Zenger; House of Burgesses; Anne Hutchinson
I. In each of these cases, democracy or a lack thereof made each colony a little different in the way that they handled situations.
II. These terms are all related to democracy in one-way or another.
a. Bacon?s Rebellion was a rebellion against the wealthy landowners by Nathaniel Bacon and farmers, democracy is apparent here because they were enabled to rebel as a result of democracy.
b. The trial of John Peter Zenger expressed his longing for freedom of the press, Zenger was a printer who wanted to be able to say what was on his mind in his columns.
c. Anne Hutchinson did not have democratic opportunities because she was banned from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
d. The House of Burgesses was the first democratic group of leaders in the colonies, so they were a staple of democratic values.
5. Describe the experiences of and opportunities for women throughout colonial America and between the colonies and England.
I. In colonial America, women could have been considered indentured servants for all intents and purposes.
II. Women did not have equal rights and privileges compared to the men in the colonies.
a. Opportunity for women in the 17th and 18th centuries was mainly limited to household chores. In this era, women were considered to be inferior as human beings, almost as the slaves were.
b. Often times, upper-class women would try to petition for equal rights and squabble to their husbands about the mistreatment.
c. As for opportunity, in one respect did the colonial women differ from the English women, there were more unmarried men in the colonies.
6. How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775
I. In the 17th century, British North America was at a great lack of servitude
II. As the African slave trade grew, prices for slaves decreased dramatically.
a. Upon arriving in America, many of the African Americans? social freedoms were immediately removed.
b. There were many restrictions put on blacks, including the prevention of earning wages, moving freely, getting an education, and marrying whites. The slaves were put to work on plantations and in cotton gins to create a surplus for the master.
c. Before the slaves arrived, there were not enough laborers. When the slaves started working, the southern towns became boom towns quickly as a result of all the extra labor. This allowed for upper and middle- class whites to spend more time to make money on their own within their own professions.
7. Analyze the cultural and Economic relationships of Native Americans with British and French colonizers between 1607 and 1775.
I. From the start, the cultural and economic relationship between the Indians and the colonists seemed to be strained.
II. ?Indian-white relations were generally marked by hostility and violence.?
a. In 1609 through 1610 Indians attacked colonists settling around the outskirts of Jamestown and forced them back into the city, where many died from overcrowding and disease. Again in 1622, tensions between Jamestown settlers and the coastal Virginian tribes rose. The Indians felt hostility towards and massacred the settlers.
b. In 1675, King Phillip and his warriors attacked the town of Swansea, to tip off King Phillip?s War. Indians devastated the colonists through hit and run attacks. However, Europeans soon adapted to the methods of the Indians, some even using the savage style of fighting to their benefit. By 1676 the Indians from the south were defeated. By 1678 the Indians from the north were subdued.
c. Peaceful Indians proved to be very helpful in times of need. Squanto and Massasoit were very helpful, they assisted the pilgrims in planting many crops and such.
8. Analyze and rank/prioritize the range of causes and goals of the American Revolution, focusing on 1750-1783.
I. The colonists were better off in military power. Americans believed then as they do now that a volunteer soldier was much better than a hired mercenary.
II. Redcoats hired Hessians, paid German mercenaries, to assist them in their looting of the colonies.
a. The patriots were young men who had a goal of freedom in their hearts. The British, however, were physically there, but they were not adequately prepared mentally and for the war.
b. Colonial troops lacked the exquisite training of the redcoats. Superior tactics may have helped the British, but the patriots relied on their manpower to win.
c. The continental army under George Washington struggled through many hard times, but came out victorious in the end.